C.O.M.A. Force

Crisis Outcome Management Action Force

The Need for Awareness and Self-Defense

Pornography (webroot.com)
-Every second 28,258 users are watching pornography on the internet.
-40 million Americans regularly visit porn sites.
-About 68 million search queries each day are related to pornography.
-Two thirds of porn viewers are men.
-34% of internet users have experienced unwanted exposure to pornographic content through ads, pop ups, misdirected links or emails.
-2.5 billion emails sent or received every day contain porn.
-Every 39 minutes a new pornography video is being created in the United States.
-About 200,000 Americans are considered “porn addicts”.
-Teenagers with frequent exposure to sexual content on TV have a substantially greater likelihood of teenage pregnancy; and the likelihood of teen pregnancy was twice as high when the quantity of sexual content exposure within the viewing episodes was high,
-Pornography viewing by teens disorients them during the developmental phase when they have to learn how to handle their sexuality and when they are most vulnerable to uncertainty about their sexual beliefs and moral values.
-A significant relationship also exists among teens between frequent pornography use and feelings of loneliness, including major depression.
-Adolescents exposed to high levels of pornography have lower levels of sexual self-esteem.

Pornography and Rape (fightthenewdrug.org)
-The University of New Hampshire did a study that showed that the states with the highest readership of pornographic magazines like Playboy and Penthouse, also have the highest rape rates.
-Dr. Victor Cline, author of Pornography’s Effects on Adults and Children, did research that showed how men who become addicted to pornographic materials begin to want more explicit or deviant material and end up acting out what they have seen.
-Two doctors noted in their research-based book, Pornography and Sexual Aggression, that “Certain [aggressive] forms of pornography can affect aggressive attitudes toward women and can desensitize an individual’s perception of rape. These attitudes and perceptions are, furthermore, directly related to actual aggressive behavior against women.”.
-In a controlled study called Effects of Prolonged Consumption of Pornography, Included in the Report of the Surgeon General’s Workshop on Pornography and Public Health of the United States Public Health Service found that extensive viewing of the type of pornographic material commonly sold at adult bookstores was positively correlated with an increased self-reported willingness to commit rape or other forced sexual acts.
-The Kingston Sexual Offenders Clinic in Canada found “an unexpected finding” when they conducted a study of their patients over a period of six years. “One of the rapists reported that he used consenting sex depictions to incite rape images in the process of preparing himself to attack a woman. Subsequent questioning revealed a further five rapists who made similar claims, and 10 of the 10 rapists who currently used pornography for enjoyment – not necessarily preparatory to offending – also said they used it to incite rape fantasies.
-Dr. Dolf Zillman and Dr. Jennings Bryant in Pornography, sexual callousness, and the trivialization of rape. Journal of Communication showed that continued exposure to pornography had serious negative effects on beliefs about sexuality in general, and on attitudes toward women in particular. They also found that pornography desensitizes people to rape as a criminal offense, and that massive exposure to pornography encourages a desire for increasingly deviant materials that depict violence.

A 2016 report on accesskansas.org shows that…
-There were 1,146 rapes reported in Kansas. That is 1 rape occurring every 7 hours and 36 minutes.
-96.4% of rape victims were female.
-75% of rape victims knew their attacker.
-75.1% of victims either were or had been in a dating relationship with their rapist.
-86.6% of rapists used no weapons against their victims other than their hands, fist, and feet. 12.4% of rapists didn’t even use those.
-Among apparent minor injuries other types of injuries reported from rape were broken bones, internal injuries, severe lacerations, other major injuries, and unconsciousness.
-The highest number of rapes occurred between midnight and 2am. The second highest was between 2am and 4am.

PTSD and Suicide Associated with Rape
Nearly one-third of rape victims develop PTSD; the rate of PTSD is three times greater among women who were raped as children.  One-third of victims experience major depression in their lifetime.  Victims of sexual assault by someone they know tend to experience more severe psychological stress due to self-blame.  Victims of drug and alcohol facilitated rape also have an increased risk of PTSD, major depression, and substance use disorders.

Among other mental health problems, 13% of rape victims attempt suicide. Sexual abuse is significantly associated with the development of addictions in women.  Research suggests that some survivors of sexual assault may self-medicate to deal with the depression or anxiety resulting from the assault.  Rape victims are more likely to use illicit drugs and prescription drugs for non-medical reasons than non-victims.  One study found that 73% of the sixty women interviewed in a residential substance abuse treatment facility had been raped, and 45% had been raped more than once.

Rape and Sex Trafficking
Sex Trafficking is described by the U.S. Department of State (Diplomacy in Action) as “When an adult engages in a commercial sex act, such as prostitution, as the result of force, threats of force, fraud, coercion or any combination of such means, that person is a victim of trafficking. Under such circumstances, perpetrators involved in recruiting, harboring, enticing, transporting, providing, obtaining, patronizing, soliciting, or maintaining a person for that purpose are guilty of sex trafficking of an adult. Sex trafficking also may occur through a specific form of coercion whereby individuals are compelled to continue in prostitution through the use of unlawful “debt,” purportedly incurred through their transportation, recruitment, or even their “sale”—which exploiters insist they must pay off before they can be free. Even if an adult initially consents to participate in prostitution it is irrelevant: if an adult, after consenting, is subsequently held in service through psychological manipulation or physical force, he or she is a trafficking victim.” It is further states that Child Sex Trafficking is “When a child (under 18 years of age) is recruited, enticed, harbored, transported, provided, obtained, patronized, solicited, or maintained to perform a commercial sex act, proving force, fraud, or coercion is not necessary for the offense to be prosecuted as human trafficking. There are no exceptions to this rule: no cultural or socioeconomic rationalizations alter the fact that children who are exploited in prostitution are trafficking victims. The use of children in commercial sex is prohibited under U.S. law and by statute in most countries around the world. Sex trafficking has devastating consequences for children, including long-lasting physical and psychological trauma, disease (including HIV/AIDS), drug addiction, unwanted pregnancy, malnutrition, social ostracism, and even death.” (state.gov)

The Kansas Human Trafficking and the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and Youth by Karen Countryman-Roswurm says that “Estimates of US children and youth domestically trafficked for the purposes of sex acts range between one and two million… Kansas is not free from such child trafficking.” She further states that “conservative estimates from professionals serving on the Anti-Sexual Exploitation Roundtable for Community Action suggest that 300-400 Wichita youth are at-risk of sexual exploitation each year.  To demonstrate this, of 250 youth interviewed at the Wichita Children’s Home between 2007 and 2008, sixty-seven percent reported they had been sexually assaulted or raped; forty-six percent had been asked to strip, go on a date or provide sexual favors in exchange for food, shelter, money or drugs; and forty percent reported that they had “agreed” or had been forced or manipulated to exchange sexual favors for food, shelter, money or drugs. Thus, once pursued, 100 of the 250 young people interviewed were forced, frauded, or coerced into sexual exploitation.  This is only including the youth we know about, the children who survived and were lucky enough to make it into safe shelter. Children and youth victimized in human trafficking are not social outcasts or criminals.  Rather, they are our neighbors and friends, our nieces and nephews, and our children and grandchildren who have been or who are currently being mentally, physically, and sexually abused.”

The Hays Daily News published an article on April 8, 2017 called Human, Sex Trafficking a Growing Concern in NWKS by Mike Kessinger which included these statements, “The statistics in Hays and northwest Kansas will not show a high number. Part of that might be due to the matter not having the awareness of other issues. But the overall fact of human or sex trafficking is it does happen in the northwest part of Kansas -- and everywhere in the state. It probably won’t show up right in front of someone, but the growing concern is there.” “According to Jennifer Montgomery, public information officer and director of human trafficking education and outreach in the office of Kansas Attorney General Derek Schmidt, data on such numbers as to victims or other matters related to sex trafficking are elusive. Most of it -- as to why the numbers are hard to come by -- is due to the underground nature of the crime.” “Collected efforts in the previous three years has shown fiscal year numbers indicate a rise in victims: 352 in 2014, 428 in 2015 and 463 in 2016.” “Kansas has been identified as what is referred to as a source state,” Hays Police Investigator Jeff Ridgway said. “Meaning Kansas has probably a better chance of victims being originating from coming out of the state then being taken to other states where they’re actually put into the different roles.” “We also know there’s targeting as young as 12, 13.” “In 2015, Ridgway was part of an investigation involving a matter that was in the early stages of a possible transaction. It included two men, Michael Bressler from Red Oak, Iowa, and an Ellis County resident, Lester Crayton. While it ultimately never involved any children being taken, its intent -- as proof of Bressler being in Hays and what was discovered about him -- was enough for concern. There were known conversations, Scheibler said, about children being trafficked across state lines. ’What was scary for me was that we had people living inside this community who were having fantasies and discussions with people on the internet about having sex with children,’ Scheibler said. ‘People across the state were conversing back and forth about bringing the children.”

Many people do not take the crime of stalking seriously, while others blame the victim. Stalking is an exercise of control and power over another individual or group. The variation in stalking behavior ranges from hang-up phone calls to more direct threats toward a victim. The likelihood of injury increases when the stalking behavior escalates over time.

According to accesskansas.org the number of reported stalking offenses in Kansas from 2006 to 2016 rose from 193 to 745. That’s a 286% increase in a 10 year span.
In 2016 over 87% of Stalking victims in Kansas were female.
In 2016 89% of reported Stalking victims in Kansas knew their stalkers. 88% of those had been in a former dating relationship with their stalkers.

Social Media Dangers
-According to statista.com worldwide users is expected to reach some 2.95 billion by 2020, around a third of Earth’s entire population.
-Weak security settings.
-Need for attention or popularity.

Moral Decline (other than Pornography as mentioned previously)
-Human Value
-Respect (including self)

-Lack of caution and alertness